More Than English: Teaching Language & Content to ELLs

Resources for teaching English Language Development (ELD)

Responsiveness to Instruction (RtI)

Why do Children Fail to Learn?

  1. They do not want to do it.
  2. They have not had enough practice doing it.
  3. They have not had enough help learning it.
  4. They have not seen it done that way before.
  5. It is too difficult.

from Daly, Martens, Witt & Drool (1997)

Responsiveness to Instruction (RtI)

Responsiveness to Instruction(RtI) is a systematic decision-making process that:

  1. Allows for early and effective responses to children’s learning and behavioral difficulties,
  2. Provides children with a level of instructional intensity matched to their level of need; and
  3. Evaluates the effectiveness of instructional approaches using a data-based method .

Responsiveness to Instruction in North Carolina follows a 3 Tier Model.

The first Tier, the base of the pyramid, refers to differentiation which is integrated within the general classroom instruction.  Dare County Schools has authorized the use of the district Personal Education Plan (PEP) for use as Tier I documentation to avoid duplication of paperwork.

PEP form A Bilingual     PEP form B Bilingual

RTI for ELLs

Developing a Culturally and Linguistically Responsive Approach to RtI 2 for ELLs.  With a focus on improving and enriching core instruction for ELLs, this document from WIDA  addresses both instruction and intervention. It includes tools and resources to help schools address some of the unique needs of ELLs within a culturally and linguistically responsive RtI2 system.

RtI2 Planning Form for ELLs from WIDA

RTI in Reading for ELLs Suggestions for planning, implementing, and monitoring interventions for ELLs

Interventions Resources

Intervention Central  Intervention Central provides teachers, schools and districts with free resources to help struggling learners and implement Response to Intervention and attain the Common Core State Standards.

Resource Room  Tools, Strategies, and Structured Explorations for Interesting Learners

Center on Instruction  Cutting-edge collection of scientifically based resources on instruction

RTI Wire  Your ‘one-stop’ directory of free, high-quality ‘Response-to-Intervention’ resources available on the internet

Florida Center for Reading Research  Interventions for struggling readers

Progress Monitoring with Easy CBM  Free site with measures and reporting for grades K-8 in reading and math

Sites for EC interventions  Resources compiled by NC DPI

Interventions for Reading Comprehension  This site from Michigan State University outlines the interventions by grade level, purpose, description, materials needed, procedures, evaluation, and source.

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I welcome suggestions for other resources to be included in this site.  Please use my contact form or email me directly at

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